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Secure REST services using Spring Security

with 2 comments

Overview :

Recently, I was working on a project which uses a REST services layer to communicate with the client application (GWT application). So I have spent a lot of to time to figure out how to secure the REST services with Spring Security. This article describe the solution I found, and I have implemented. I hope that this solution will be helpful to someone and will save a much valuable time.

The solution :

In a normal web application, whenever a secured resource is accessed Spring Security check the security context for the current user and will decide either to forward him to login page (if the user is not authenticated), or to forward him to the resource not authorised page (if he doesn’t have the required permissions).

In our scenario this is different, because we don’t have pages to forward to, we need to adapt and override Spring Security to communicate using HTTP protocols status only, below I liste the things to do to make Spring Security works best :

  • The authentication is going to be managed by the normal form login, the only difference is that the response will be on JSON along with an HTTP status which can either code 200 (if the autentication passed) or code 401 (if the authentication failed) ;
  • Override the AuthenticationFailureHandler to return the code 401 UNAUTHORIZED ;
  • Override the AuthenticationSuccessHandler to return the code 20 OK, the body of the HTTP response contain the JSON data of the current authenticated user ;
  • Override the AuthenticationEntryPoint to always return the code 401 UNAUTHORIZED. This will override the default behavior of Spring Security which is forwarding the user to the login page if he don’t meet the security requirements, because on REST we don’t have any login page ;
  • Override the LogoutSuccessHandler to return the code 20 OK ;

Like a normal web application secured by Spring Security, before accessing a protected service, it is mandatory to first authenticate by submitting the password and username to the Login URL.

Note: The following solution requires Spring Security in version minimum 3.2.

Overriding the AuthenticationEntryPoint :

Class extends org.springframework.security.web.AuthenticationEntryPoint, and implements only one method, which sends response error (with 401 status code) in cause of unauthorized attempt.

@Component
public class HttpAuthenticationEntryPoint implements AuthenticationEntryPoint {
    @Override
    public void commence(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
            AuthenticationException authException) throws IOException {
        response.sendError(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED, authException.getMessage());
    }
}

Overriding the AuthenticationSuccessHandler :

The AuthenticationSuccessHandler is responsible of what to do after a successful authentication, by default it will redirect to an URL, but in our case we want it to send an HTTP response with data.

@Component
public class AuthSuccessHandler extends SavedRequestAwareAuthenticationSuccessHandler {
    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AuthSuccessHandler.class);

    private final ObjectMapper mapper;

    @Autowired
    AuthSuccessHandler(MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter messageConverter) {
        this.mapper = messageConverter.getObjectMapper();
    }

    @Override
    public void onAuthenticationSuccess(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
            Authentication authentication) throws IOException, ServletException {
        response.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_OK);

        NuvolaUserDetails userDetails = (NuvolaUserDetails) authentication.getPrincipal();
        User user = userDetails.getUser();
        userDetails.setUser(user);

        LOGGER.info(userDetails.getUsername() + " got is connected ");

        PrintWriter writer = response.getWriter();
        mapper.writeValue(writer, user);
        writer.flush();
    }
}

Overriding the AuthenticationFailureHandler :

The AuthenticationFaillureHandler is responsible of what to after a failed authentication, by default it will redirect to the login page URL, but in our case we just want it to send an HTTP response with the 401 UNAUTHORIZED code.

@Component
public class AuthFailureHandler extends SimpleUrlAuthenticationFailureHandler {
    @Override
    public void onAuthenticationFailure(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
            AuthenticationException exception) throws IOException, ServletException {
        response.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_UNAUTHORIZED);

        PrintWriter writer = response.getWriter();
        writer.write(exception.getMessage());
        writer.flush();
    }
}

Overriding the LogoutSuccessHandler :

The LogoutSuccessHandler decide what to do if the user logged out successfully, by default it will redirect to the login page URL, because we don’t have that I did override it to return an HTTP response with the 20 OK code.

@Component
public class HttpLogoutSuccessHandler implements LogoutSuccessHandler {
    @Override
    public void onLogoutSuccess(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Authentication authentication)
            throws IOException {
        response.setStatus(HttpServletResponse.SC_OK);
        response.getWriter().flush();
    }
}

Spring security configuration :

This is the final step, to put all what we did together, I prefer using the new way to configure Spring Security which is with Java no XML, but you can easily adapt this configuration to XML.

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
    private static final String LOGIN_PATH = ApiPaths.ROOT + ApiPaths.User.ROOT + ApiPaths.User.LOGIN;

    @Autowired
    private NuvolaUserDetailsService userDetailsService;
    @Autowired
    private HttpAuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint;
    @Autowired
    private AuthSuccessHandler authSuccessHandler;
    @Autowired
    private AuthFailureHandler authFailureHandler;
    @Autowired
    private HttpLogoutSuccessHandler logoutSuccessHandler;

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public UserDetailsService userDetailsServiceBean() throws Exception {
        return super.userDetailsServiceBean();
    }

    @Bean
    public AuthenticationProvider authenticationProvider() {
        DaoAuthenticationProvider authenticationProvider = new DaoAuthenticationProvider();
        authenticationProvider.setUserDetailsService(userDetailsService);
        authenticationProvider.setPasswordEncoder(new ShaPasswordEncoder());

        return authenticationProvider;
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth.authenticationProvider(authenticationProvider());
    }

    @Override
    protected AuthenticationManager authenticationManager() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManager();
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.csrf().disable()
                .authenticationProvider(authenticationProvider())
                .exceptionHandling()
                .authenticationEntryPoint(authenticationEntryPoint)
                .and()
                .formLogin()
                .permitAll()
                .loginProcessingUrl(LOGIN_PATH)
                .usernameParameter(USERNAME)
                .passwordParameter(PASSWORD)
                .successHandler(authSuccessHandler)
                .failureHandler(authFailureHandler)
                .and()
                .logout()
                .permitAll()
                .logoutRequestMatcher(new AntPathRequestMatcher(LOGIN_PATH, "DELETE"))
                .logoutSuccessHandler(logoutSuccessHandler)
                .and()
                .sessionManagement()
                .maximumSessions(1);

        http.authorizeRequests().anyRequest().authenticated();
    }
}

This was a sneak peak at the overall configuration, I attached in this article a Github repository containing a sample project https://github.com/imrabti/gwtp-spring-security.

I hope this will help some of you developers struggling to figure out a solution, please feel free to ask any questions, or post any enhancements that can make this solution better.

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Written by imrabti

August 29, 2014 at 8:24 am

Posted in GWT, REST, Spring

Tagged with , , ,

2 Responses

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  1. how can i use this with requestfactory

    clive

    September 1, 2014 at 3:06 pm

    • RequestFactory uses HTTP protocol also invocation and JSON (but the protocole is not based upon REST).
      I think the project can be adapted a bit to use Requestfactory instead (Are you using RequestFactory with Spring services layer ?).

      imrabti

      September 1, 2014 at 3:36 pm


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